The Oklahoma Health Information Exchange Trust (OHIET)
CLICK HERE FOR PDF
The information on this page deals mostly with the Oklahoma Health Information Exchange Trust, a public-beneficiary trust referred to as the OHIET, but includes other information as well.
A trust of this type (or possibly an LLC or other legally recognized entity), and related state initiatives, has probably been created in your state to implement and establish the foundations necessary for what the public calls Obama Care. Health care reform (Obama Care) started long before the passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA).
Health care reform is really about replacing our traditional medical system with a nonhuman, technologybased, universal health care system. It means to replace real doctors with virtual doctors; to globally share our most intimate information with people and entities we've never heard of or know; and works to sever the onceconfidential relationship between patients and doctors.
Called health information exchange (HIE), this personal information sharing is being done mostly without the knowledge or consent of the people.
In Oklahoma, this health information exchange effort is being advanced by the Oklahoma Health Information Exchange Trust (OHIET).
This page contains information specific to Oklahoma but will be beneficial for other states as well, since the pattern of implementation is roughly the same through the U.S. and its territories.
The Pattern of Implementation It's the Same Everywhere
The pattern of activities in your state, leading up to the passage of PPACA (The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, aka Obama Care) probably went the same way it did in Oklahoma.
It would look something like this:
- Negative reports issued about the health status of the citizens of your state.
- Participation in the federally initiated ONC (Office of the National Coordinator) Health Information Technology Security and Privacy Collaborative program in 2004 or later.
- A state biometrics/biotechnology initiative began, tied to a research university.
- Electronic health information exchanges (HIE) are established in the state.
- Participation in Medicaid Reform effort and a demonstration project utilizing the use of electronic medical records, data collection, analysis and reporting.
- Establishment of the state fusion centers, accompanied by a statewide interoperable communication plan
- Establishment of a Health Information Technology Security and Privacy Council (HISPC) to identify and eliminate variations in state policies and laws dealing with health information exchange
- Creation of a state Health Information Infrastructure Advisory Board (HIIAB), legally defining electronic medical records, health data exchange, health information technology, and health information exchange. (i.e. OK, WA, OR, FL, MO)
- State participation in the Center for Medicare/Medicaid Services (CMS) Electronic Health Records Demonstration project (2008 in Oklahoma)
- Participation in HITECH Programs, funded with American Recovery and Reinvestment (ARRA) grant monies, such as Beacon Community Programs (Tulsa, OK area); the State Health Information Exchange Cooperative Agreements (first awarded to the Oklahoma Health Care Authority, then transferred to the OHIET); Regional Extension Centers (located in Oklahoma City); and others.
- Expansion of broadband access in the state, ostensibly to reach the rural areas. The intent here is to increase access to and use of electronic health care systems.
- Creation of a publicbeneficiary trust (or other legal entity), not subject to legislative oversight, that facilitates and expands the electronic movement and use of health information, both in state and out of state and which can award those highly lucrative IT contracts to pre-determined, qualified companies, that make the whole system work.
- Awarding of contract for a medical decision support tool, a software program that can quantify desired health care outcomes, such as the Archimedes IndiGO model.
This state-based entity, in our case the Oklahoma Health Information Exchange Trust, referred to as the OHIET, was created for the purposes of 1) servings as Qualified State Designated Entity, for purposes of any federal grant money awarded to facilitate and expand the electronic movement and use of health information among organizations according the nationally recognized health and 2) to promote, develop and sustain electronic health information exchange at the State level.
This trust is governed by seven appointed trustees, without legislative oversight. The Trust and its beneficiary (the state of Oklahoma) has immunity against claims.
This publicbeneficiary trust was created in 2010 with the passage of SB 1373, a short bill that started out dealing only with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), but which was later used as the vehicle to create the trust.
The amendatory language creating the OHIET was added to the COPD bill in the last week of May 2010, at the end of the 2010 legislative session.
SB 1373, as amended, passed both chambers with littletono debate: in the Senate by a vote of 450, and overwhelmingly in the House, with only two votes against it by Reps. Reynolds and Ritze.
The Trustors and the Trustees
According the Trust Indenture, the seven Trustors, and the first appointed trustees, of the OHIET were:
*Yeaman resigned from the OHIET and now is the Principle Investigator (PI) for the Challenge Grant, Care Transitions. The Challenge Grant is overseen by the OHIET. According the OHIET budget and narrative, the PI is budgeted for 20 hours per week for the duration of the project, with a rate of $300/hr.
- Jenny Alexopolous OSU Center for Health Sciences
- John Calabro Health Information Technology Coordinator (since retired)
- Sam Guild Hillcrest Healthcare System & Community Partners, LLC
- Craig Jones Oklahoma Hospital Association (OHA)
- David C. Kendrick, MD OU-HSC, Kaiser Chair of Community Medicine; CEO of MyHealth Access Network, a Tulsa Beacon Community program; formerly with Archimedes, Inc.
- Robert H. Roswell OUHealth Sciences Center; Chair of the HISPC, Information Technology Work Group, Co-chair OK Health Information Exchange Cooperative Agreement Program Oversight Working Group, etc.
- Brian Yeaman*, MD Norman Physicians Hospital Organization (NPHO)
Quite a nice gig, isn't it? At the taxpayers' expense.
Purposes of the Trust
Again, according to the Trust Indenture, the purposes of this Trust are to (partial list only):
The list of purposes covers 16 different types of activities, including incurring indebtedness.
The Trust Estate Including Electronic Health Records or Data Created by Them?
The Trust can accumulate an estate, that includes funds and property, including leasehold rights, money, property (real, personal, intellectual or mixed), leases, privileges, immunities, licenses, franchises, benefits and all other things of value.
- Establish and maintain a framework for the exchange of health information, through a single or multiple health information exchanges, and encourage the widespread adoption and use of electronic health records systems among Oklahoma health care providers, payors and patients.
- Promote and facilitate the sharing of health information among health care provider within Oklahoma and in other states by providing for the transfer of health information, medical records, and other health data for
reduction of administrative costs and any other benefits deemed appropriate by the Trust.
- Establish and adopt standards for accessing the health information exchange(s) established by the Trust
.consistent with applicable federal and State standards and laws.
- Identify barriers to adoption of electronic health records systems
- Solicit and accept grants, loans, contributions or appropriations from any public or private source and expend those moneys, through contracts, grants, loans, or agreements, on activities it considers suitable to the performance of its duties.
- Exactly who owns the electronic health care records? Does the OHIET own them? The patient? The provider? Or, does the state of Oklahoma?
- Does the Trust Estate include those electronic health records that come into being as a result of the adoption and use of electronic health records systems?
Powers and Duties of the Trustees Unlimited and Without Oversight
To accomplish the purposes of the Trust (whatever they deem that to mean), the Trustees shall have
the authority to do, or cause to be done, all things which are incidental, necessary, proper or convenient to carry fully into effect the purposes enumerated in Article III of the Trust Indenture (those 16 different types of activities referred to above)
with the following rights, powers, duties, authority, discretion and privileges, all of which may be exercised by them without any order or authority from any court:
Again the question arises do the electronic health records, or data collected from their creation and exchange, become the property of the Trust? Can they exchange or sell that information?
Can this health information exchange, with its IT infrastructure, constitute a service or be considered a commodity?
If so, can this service/infrastructure be sold or outsourced? If so, there are countries actively pursuing foreign direct investment in states' IT infrastructures including China.
List of Legislation and other OHIET Documentation:
- To finance, acquire, establish, develop, construct, enlarge, improve, extend, maintain, equip, operate, lease furnish, provide, supply, regulate, hold, store and administer any of the facilities designated
as the Trustees shall determine necessary for the benefit and development of the Beneficiary (in this case, the state of Oklahoma).
- To enter into contracts
- To sell bonds
- To make and change investments, to convert real into personal property, and vice versa, to lease , improve, exchange or sell, at public or private sale, upon such terms as they deem proper, and to resell, at any time and as often as they deem advisable, ANY OR ALL THE PROPERTY IN THE TRUST, REAL AND PERSONAL.
to purchase and sell such supplies, goods, commodities and services as are incident to the operation of its properties.
- 2008 SB 1420 By Sparks/Cox Creating the Oklahoma Health Information Exchange Act
- 2008 E.O. 20084 Issued by Gov. Brad Henry Creation of the Oklahoma Health Information Security and Privacy Council (OKHISPC) Robert H. Roswell, Chair
- 2009 SB 757 By Burrage/Steele Creating the Health Information Infrastructure Advisory Board (HIIAB)
- Electronic health information exchanges (HIE) are established in the state.
- 2010 SB 1373 Creating the Oklahoma Health Information Exchange Trust (OHIET)
Senate Votes on SB 1373 5/25/10
House Votes on SB 1373 5/27/10
- The OHIET Trust Indenture
- The Oklahoma Health Information Exchange Trust (OHIET) State Health Information Exchange Cooperative Agreement (SHIECAP) Strategic Plan
- The Oklahoma Health Information Exchange Trust (OHIET) State Health Information Exchange Cooperative Agreement (SHIECAP) Operational Plan
- The OHIET's Oklahoma Statewide HIE (Health Information Exchange) Logical Architecture (diagram):
The OHIET Oklahoma Statewide HIE Logical Architecture do we really want this information sharing nightmare in our state?